CLAT Exam Pattern & Syllabus (as per 2020 notification)

Latest Exam Pattern of CLAT for Under-Graduate Programme

Exam Description
Total Marks 150
Number of multiple-choice questions of one mark each 150
Duration of Examination Two hours
(02:00 hours)
Subject areas with Weightage
English Language 28-32 questions (Roughly 20% of the paper)
Current Affairs including General Knowledge 35-39 questions (Roughly 25% of the paper)
Legal Reasoning 35-39 questions (Roughly 25% of the paper)
Logical Reasoning 28-32 questions (Roughly 20% of the paper)
Quantitative Techniques (Basic Mathematics)

13-17 questions (Roughly 10% of the paper)

Note: There shall be a system of Negative Marking wherein 0.25 marks will be deducted for each of the wrong answer.


CLAT Syllabus for Under-Graduate Programme

  1. English Language
    In this section, candidate will be provided passages of about 450 words each. These passages will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing. The passages would be of a standard that a 12th class student may be able to read in about 5-7 minutes. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require the candidate to demonstrate his comprehension and language skills, including his abilities to:
    • To read and comprehend the main point discussed in the passage
    • To understand any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage
    • To draw inferences and conclusions based on the passage
    • To summarise the passage
    • To compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints set out in the passage
    • To understand the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage

  2. Current Affairs including General Knowledge
    In this section, candidates will be provided passages of up to 450 words each. The passages will be derived from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require the candidate to demonstrate his awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge. The questions may include an examination of legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage, but would not require any additional knowledge of the law beyond the passage. Each passage may test candidate's ability on
    • Contemporary events of significance from India and the world
    • Arts and culture
    • International affairs
    • Historical events of continuing significance

  3. Legal Reasoning
    In this section, candidate will be expected to read passages of around 450 words each. The passages may relate to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. The candidate will not require any prior knowledge of law. The candidate will benefit from a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios. Each passage would be followed by a series of questions that will require the candidate to:
    • Identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage
    • Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations
    • Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations

  4. Logical Reasoning
    The Logical Reasoning section will include a series of short passages of about 300 words each. Each passage will be followed by one or more questions that will require the candidate to:
    • Recognize an argument, its premises and conclusions
    • Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage
    • Critically analyse patterns of reasoning
    • Assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence
    • Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations
    • Draw relationships and analogies
    • Identify contradictions and equivalence
    • Assess the effectiveness of arguments

  5. Quantitative Techniques (Basic Mathematics)
    The Quantitative Techniques section will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. The candidate will be required to derive information from such passages, graphs, or other representations, and apply mathematical operations on such information. The questions will require the candidate to:
    • Derive, infer and manipulate numerical information from such passages, graphs or other representations
    • Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information
    • Needed skills are ratios & proportions, basic algebra, mensuration, statistical estimation

Exam Pattern of CLAT for Post-Graduate Programme

Exam Description
Maximum Marks 150
Duration of Examination Two hours (02:00 hours)
Multiple-Choice Questions 100 questions of one mark each
Subjective Questions
  • 50 Marks
  • Two Essay type questions each of 25 Marks
  • 800 words per essay
  • On the topics of law and contemporary issues
  • Syllabus
  • Constitutional Law
  • Contract, Torts, Criminal Law
  • International Law, IPR & Jurisprudence
  • Negative Marking 0.25 Mark will be deducted for each wrong answer

    Note: The information has been updated as per the press release of CNLUs dated 11/12/2019.

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