What is NDA
NDA stands for National Defence Academy. It is a premier joint services training Institution producing
officers for the Indian Armed Forces. It is the centre of excellence for cadets of all the three services, the
Army, the Navy and the Air Force. NDA is located at Khadakwasla, Pune, Maharashtra.
NDA imparts training to young cadets, who choose the Armed Forces as their career. The training equips the
cadets with mental, moral and physical attributes required to cope with the challenges of the future
battlefield. They are given intensive education in Science, Technology, Arts and Military subjects. In the
three years at NDA, a cadet is transformed into a potential officer and gentleman.
The foundation stone for the academy was laid on 6 Oct, 1949. The NDA was formally commissioned on 7 Dec, 1954
with an inauguration ceremony held on 16 Jan, 1955.
NDA campus is located around 17 km from Pune city, near Khadakwasla Lake. It spreads over 8,000 acres, very
close to the lakeshore, neighbouring hilly terrain and proximity to the Arabian sea and other military
establishments. It has very pleasant weather throughout the year. NDA is also located in the hunting grounds
of great Hindu Warrior Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Sinhagad Fort is also very close to the NDA
NDA has an excellent infrastructure for complete training of cadets. It has a vast array of facilities like
well equipped classrooms, labs, two swimming pools, a gymnasium, a cricket stadium, 32 football fields, 2 polo
grounds and a large number of squash and tennis courts.
How to Join NDA
To join NDA an aspirant must appear in NDA written entrance exam conducted by UPSC (Union Public Service
Commission). UPSC is solely responsible for issuing guidelines for conduct of the
NDA written entrance examination
. NDA has no role to play in selection procedure, setting
, examination details
for written examination. Written exam is followed by a battery of tests (Interview, Group tests, Psychology
. Thereafter, all successful candidates undergo a
. NDA entrance examination is
held twice a year. Of around 4,50,000 applicants for every written exam, about 6,500 of aspirants qualify for
SSB. About 415 cadets are enrolled in the academy in each semester ( ~ 830 in a year) - out of these, 208 are
selected for the Army, 120 for Air Force, 42 for Navy and 45 for Naval Academy. Applicants, who wish to join
the Indian Air Force, also have to go through
Pilot Aptitude Battery Test
NDA Curriculum & Academics
NDA offers only a full-time, residential undergraduate programme. Cadets are awarded a Baccalaureate degree (a
BA or BSc) after 3 years of study. The academic year is divided into two terms, Spring (Jan to May) and Autumn
(July to Dec). A cadet must undergo the intense training for a total of six terms before graduating. Cadets
has to choose a stream out of available two. The Science stream offers studies in Physics, Chemistry,
Mathematics and Computer Science. While the Humanities (Arts) stream offers studies in History, Economics,
Political Science, Geography and Languages.
Apart from academic training they are also trained in outdoor skills (Physical Training, Games, Drill etc.)
and foreign languages. The main focus in NDA is on personal and national character building, mental and
physical fitness, discipline, leadership and a sense of keen observation. Life at NDA is all about learning
and adhering to self improvement. Finally the Cadets NDA tenure comes to an end in graduation with BA/BSc or
BCs (Computer Science) degree of Savitribai Phule Pune University. On successful completion of the three-year
training course at NDA, Khadakwasla, Pune
- Army cadets proceed to the
Indian Military Academy at Dehradun
- Naval cadets to
Indian Naval Academy at Ezhimala
- Air Force cadets to the
Air Force Academy at Hyderabad
After completion of one year of training at their respective academies, they are commissioned as officers into
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