• Daily Current Affairs: 11th June, 2018

    Posted on by in Current Affairs, News, Education & Training

    1. Two MoUs on sharing of Brahmaputra river data and supply of non-Basmati rice by India & China
      • India and China June 9, 2018 signed two Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) for sharing the hydrological data of the Brahmaputra River; and for supplying non-Basmati rice to China
      • Under the MoU on sharing of Brahmaputra river data
        • China will start sharing hydrological information of the Brahmaputra River with India again during the flood season from May 15 to October 15 every year.
        • This MoU was signed between China’s Ministry of Water Resources and India’s Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
        • The sharing of Brahmaputra river data is crucial to predict floods.
        • The MoU also enables the Chinese side to provide hydrological data, if water level exceeds the mutually agreed level during non-flood season.
        • China had stopped sharing data in 2017 soon after the 73-day long stand-off between Indian and Chinese troops at Doklam over Chinese military’s plans to build a road close to India’s corridor connecting North-Eastern states.
      • Under the MoU on supply of non-Basmati rice
        • China has agreed to import non-Basmati rice from India.
        • This MoU was signed between China’s General Administration of Customs and India’s Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare on Phytosanitary requirements for exporting rice from India to China.
        • At present, India can only export Basmati rice to China.
        • This MoU is likely to bridge the trade deficit gap between India and China to a certain extent.
    2. A Memorandum of Agreement (MoU) for transfer of technology for India’s first Lithium Ion (Li-ion) Battery project.
      • Signed by The Central Electro Chemical Research Institute (CECRI), Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu under Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) and RAASI Solar Power Pvt. Ltd.
      • CSIR-CECRI’s facility to manufacture Li-ion cells
        • CSIR-CECRI Tamil Nadu has set up a demo facility in Chennai to manufacture prototype Lithium-Ion cells.
        • A group at CSIR-CECRI headed by Dr Gopu Kumar has developed this indigenous technology of Lithium-ion cells in partnership with CSIR-National Physical Laboratory New Delhi, CSIR- Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute Kolkata and Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT) Hyderabad.
        • CSIR-CECRI has secured global Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) for enabling cost reduction, coupled with appropriate supply chain and manufacturing technology for mass production.
      • At present, Indian manufacturers import Lithium Ion batteries from China, Japan and South Korea among some other countries.
      • Raasi Group to set up production facility
        • RAASI Solar Power Pvt. Ltd will set up the manufacturing facility in Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu close to Bangaluru with an aim to bring down the cost of cell manufacturing below Rs 15,000 per KW to replace Lead Acid Battery
      • Lithium-ion batteries can power any electrical application without the need of physical wires-means wireless.
      • Currently, the Li-Ion cells are only developed by ISRO for space applications.
    3. Arvind Saxena – New UPSC Chairman
      • Saxena, a UPSC member, would be succeeding incumbent Vinay Mittal.
      • Saxena will perform the duties of the post of Chairman, UPSC with effect from June 20 till further orders or till completion of his tenure on August 7, 2020.
      • Arvind Saxena is a 1978-batch Indian Postal Service officer. He worked as Divisional Head of Postal Services at Bharatpur and Kota, covering the districts of Bharatpur, Dhoulpur, Kota, Jhalawar and Baran in Rajasthan.
      • UPSC:
        • The UPSC is a 10-member body besides a Chairperson.
        • As per Article 316 of the constitution, the Chairman and members of UPSC are appointed and removed by President.
        • In case the office of the Chairman becomes vacant his duties shall be performed by one of the other members of the Commission as the President may appoint for the purpose.
        • The term of UPSC chairman and members is six years or until they attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.
        • Under Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the Commission is required to be consulted on all matters relating to recruitment to civil services and posts.
    4. Sharad Kumar – New Vigilance Commissioner In CVC
      • Former NIA chief Sharad Kumar appointed vigilance commissioner in the probity watchdog CVC.
      • The 62-year-old Kumar, a 1979-batch IPS officer of the Haryana cadre, retired in September last year after heading the National Investigation Agency, an anti-terror probe organization, for over four years.
    5. Sunil Chhetri – Joint 2nd highest active international football goal scorer
      • Sunil Chhetri led Indian football team to clinch the Hero Intercontinental Cup Providing a sublime performance in the finals of Hero Intercontinental Cup.
      • Sunil Chhetri not only led India to clinch the tournament but also led himself to become the joint second highest international goal scorer among active players along with Argentine superstar Lionel Messi.
      • After scoring two goals in the finals of Hero Intercontinental Cup Sunil Chhetri became the joint second highest international goal scorer among active players along with Argentine superstar Lionel Messi.
    6. Forty Four G7 Summit In Canada
      • This was the sixth time since 1981 that Canada has hosted the meetings.
      • The 44th G7 summit was the first summit for Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte.
      • The 45th G7 summit or next G7 summit will be held in 2019 in France.
    7. India – The Second Highest Sender Of Foreign Students In US
      • India is the second highest sender of foreign students to the US, next only to China.
      • The number of Indian students in the US has more than doubled in the last 10 years , stated by US consul general in Kolkata, Craig Hall.
    8. WhatsApp groups for Monitor Cleanliness of Trains.
      • The Northern Railways will now monitor the cleanliness of its trains using WhatsApp groups supervised by senior officials.
      • Every department, be it the pantry, bedrolls etc., will have separate WhatsApp groups, in which status report of cleanliness will be uploaded on a daily basis.
      • WhatsApp groups have been created for train and pantry cleanliness, bedrolls and functionality of air conditioners in train.
    9. Flash Flood Guidance System For Forecast Floods
      • India Meteorological Department (IMD) will use flash flood guidance system for the first time in the country to forecast floods.
      • Currently, the Central Water Commission issues flood warnings.
    10. Dhanush – India’s first indigenous artillery gun
      • “Dhanush” a long-range artillery gun.
      • It was manufactured by Gun Carriage Factory (GCF).
      • Dhanush is a 155mm x 45mm calibre artillery gun and is also called the “desi Bofors”.
      • It has a strike range of 38 kilometres and 81% of its components are indigenously sourced.
    11. India’s first disaster risk index
      • A national disaster risk index mapping hazards and vulnerabilities across 640 districts puts Maharashtra at the top of the chart followed by West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
      • Delhi is most at risk among Union territories (UTs).
      • The index is currently in the form of a draft report prepared by the Union home ministry with support from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
    12. Rafael Nadal won an 11th French Open title
      • World number one Rafael Nadal won an 11th French Open title by beating Austrian Dominic Thiem in straight sets
      • Nadal is the only second player in history to win the same Grand Slam on 11 occasions after Margaret Court, who won 11 Australian Open titles between 1960 and 1973.
    13. 2018 Forbes ‘Global 2000’ list
      • Fifty-eight Indian companies featured on the 2018 Forbes ‘Global 2000’ list of the world’s largest public sector companies, the same number as last year.
      • The Mukesh Ambani-led oil-to-telecom conglomerate, Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL), rank at 83, retaining its top spot as the most valued Indian company on the list.
      • HDFC Bank, the country’s largest financier, took the second spot among Indian companies, ranking at 202.
      • Overall, Industrial & Commercial Bank of China is ranked 1 for the sixth consecutive year.
    14. “Home Fire” wins 2018 Women’s Prize for Fiction
      • Renowned British Pakistani author Kamila Shamsie’s book “Home Fire” has won the Women’s Prize for Fiction, 2018.
      • The book, was also in the race for last year’s Man Booker Prize, is a contemporary reimagination of Sophocles’ “Antigone”.
    15. Qingdao Declaration
      • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit concluded with the adoption of the Qingdao declaration.
      • The declaration calls for implementing the three-year plan to combat terrorism, separatism and extremism.
      • It also calls for the implementation of the treaty on long-term good neighbourliness, friendship and co-operation.
    16. Election of 5 members for two-year term in UNSC
      • The United Nations General Assembly voted to elect Germany, Belgium, South Africa, the Dominican Republic and Indonesia for a two-year term in the Security Council starting on Jan. 1, 2019.
      • The council is the only U.N. body that can make legally binding decisions and has the power to impose sanctions and authorize the use of force.
      • The General Assembly elects five new members in a year.
    17. Methane ,organic compounds found in Mars
      • Curiosity rover has detected organic compounds on the surface of Mars and seasonal fluctuations of atmospheric methane.
      • The findings released on June 7, mark some of the strongest evidence ever that Earth’s neighbour may have harbored life.
      • Curiosity also measured an unexpectedly large seasonal cycle in the low levels of atmospheric methane.
    18. “People to people mechanism” is setup by India and China.
      • A new “people to people mechanism” to build on the momentum in bilateral ties from the Wuhan Summit.
      • The decision to step up people to people contacts was announced by Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale.
      • It will be headed on the Indian side by the External Affairs Minister and on the Chinese side by the State Council and Foreign Minister.
    19.  ‘EPIC’ planet is discovered by ISRO
      • A team from the Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmadabad, has spotted for the first time a distant planet six times bigger than Earth and revolving around a Sun-like star about 600 light years away.
      • Both the planet and the star have been named EPIC.
      • EPIC 211945201b (or K2-236b) is the name given to the planet and the host star is named EPIC 211945201 or K2-236.
    20.  ‘Ayushman Bharat’
      • Eight States and four Union Territories have signed MoUs with the Union Health Ministry to implement the government’s ambitious national health protection mission — Ayushman Bharat.
      • Ayushman Bharat aims to provide a cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family annually to 10 crore vulnerable families.
      • The scheme will be available at the point of service in public and private empanelled hospitals.
    21. Airtel Payments Bank
      • UIDAI excludes Airtel Payments Bank from using full e-KYC via Aadhaar
      • As per RBI’s report the Bank has used the e-KYC facility to provide LPG subsidies to its customers without permission.
      • UIDAI revoked a suspension on the use of e-KYC facility
      • This would hamper bank’s competition and in achieving new customers and to provide facilities to its existing 10 million customers.
      • They can carry out limited KYCs based on virtual IDs rolled out by the UIDAI.
      • UIDAI is under the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.
    22. Women’s Asia T20 Cup 2018
      • On 10th June 2018, Bangladesh won the Women’s Asia T20 Cup 2018 at the Kinrara Academy Oval in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    23. Nipah virus in Kerala
      • Kerala Government has decided to lift high alert issued in the wake of outbreak of deadly Nipah virus in May 2018 in northern Kozhikode and Malappuram districts of state that has so far claimed 17 lives.
      • The outbreak of virus has been brought under control and its spread checked as no positive case has been reported.
      • Nipah virus (NiV) infection
        •  Zoonotic disease (disease transmitted to humans from animals) that causes severe disease in both animals and humans.
        •  The organism which causes Nipah Virus encephalitis is RNA or Ribonucleic acid virus of family Paramyxoviridae, genus Henipavirus, and is closely related to Hendra virus.
        • Natural Host:
          • Fruit bats of the Pteropodidae Family, Pteropus genus are natural host of the virus.
          • The virus is present in bat urine and potentially, bat faeces, saliva, and birthing fluids.
        • Signs & Symptoms:
          • NiV infection in humans has range of clinical presentations i.e., from asymptomatic infection to acute respitatory syndrome and fatal encephalitis (inflammation of brain). After exposure and incubation period of 5 to 14 days, illness presents with 3-4 days of fever and headache, followed by drowsiness, disorientation and mental confusion. These signs and symptoms can progress to coma within 24 to 48 hours.
        • Treatment:
          • There is no vaccine for NiV disease either for humans or animals. The main treatment for those infected is intensive supportive care and supportive medicines.
          • NiV Infection can be prevented by avoiding exposure of infected people without protective gear.
          • In disease prone areas, fruits strewn on the ground should not be eaten, for safety.
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